What is the real need of Crimea? Is it a bridge or a tunnel? While bridge engineers are defending a bridge strait crossing as a beautiful, aesthetically pleasing, effective, picturesque and inexpensive solution from their viewpoint , the tunnel engineers argue in the opposite direction, promoting the tunnel option as the safest, most reliable and the most durable of engineering structures. The bridge option, undoubtedly, has a lot of advantages, while at the same time being the most vulnerable of structures to both natural hazards, such as thunderstorms, typhoons, earthquakes, and ice drifts, and to terrorist attacks or local military conflicts. The above factors encourage further comparison between bridge and tunnel solutions proposed for the Kerch Strait crossing. The idea of a transport crossing of the Kerch Strait dates back a long time.
Royal Kurgan, Kerch: Hours, Address, Royal Kurgan Reviews: 4/5
If you could choose any two ships destined to be involved in a serious incident, you would do well to pick the Candy and the Maestro. There are several reasons for this. The Candy is on its third name and fourth flag since Back then it was called Ocean Primus and flew the UK flag. It then changed managers, switching to various flags of convenience in the process Panama, then landlocked Mongolia, then Tanzania. It intentionally turned off its AIS transponder on 77 days over the past 12 months; the average for the world LPG tanker fleet was three days the U.
In the English history the date “14th November “ and the name Average dates and probability ( , %) of ice phenomena on the Kerch Strait for the period.
We present a numerical model of the dynamics of the Kerch Strait allowing one to perform the coordinated analysis of the fields of currents and wind waves. The model includes the spectral wave module and the hydrodynamic block of currents. The influence of waves on the currents is taken into account in the hydrodynamic block both via the surface and bottom tangential stresses and via the radiation stresses. In order to take into account the inverse influence of currents upon the waves, we use the fields of currents and sea level from the hydrodynamic block in the wave module.
The specific features of the structure of currents and wind waves in the strait are studied for the typical wave situations. The results of the coupled and separate simulation are compared and the importance of taking into account the mechanisms of interaction between waves and currents in the analysis of the dynamic processes in the strait is demonstrated.
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The Sea of Azov should not become a Russian lake
This paper examines archaeological data from the northern coast of the Black Sea to evaluate the possibility of using them as sea-level indicators for the past years. Despite the widespread presence of submerged cultural remnants, limitations in the use of geoarchaeological indicators are related to the disturbance of cultural layers by wave action and currents, and the scarcity of harbour remains.
The review of existing data from various sites shows the presence of submerged cultural layers that did not exceed 2.
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Few places in Russia can boast of prehistoric origins. But in Kerch, archeologists have found fossils from the Paleolithic period, some dating back , years. In addition, they discovered the remains of stone tools, suggesting that Neanderthals inhabited the region. A mammoth tooth was also among the finds. The first settlement sprung up here in BC, when Greeks from the Caria region of modern Turkey founded the city of Panticapaeum. Scholars believe that it was a fairly large Greek colony with an imposing Acropolis dedicated to Apollo.
The ruins of Panticapaeum survive to this day. Around the city were built a necropolis and several hill mounds with the tombs of Scythian kings, whom the Greeks entrusted to rule their colony. Nineteenth-century archeologists found a vast trove of Scythian gold in the tombs, which is now on display at the largest museums of Russia and Europe. Emperor Justinian I built new cities on the peninsula; Panticapaeum was renamed Bosporus and restored to its former glory. The Byzantine Cathedral of St John the Baptist survives from this period, one of the oldest places of worship anywhere in Russia.
Scholars argue about the date. Construction began sometime between the 7th and 10th centuries, and continued all the way into the 19th century. After the weakening of the Byzantine Empire, control over the city passed to various tribes and khanates.
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Kerch Also known as Kerch Kertch. Production date BC – BC. Production date BCBC. Production place Made in: Crimea. Production date 1stC-2ndC.
The Crimean Bridge (transport crossing over the Kerch Strait)
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(by country), Date of commencement Concerning Coastal State Rights in the Black Sea, Sea of Azov, and Kerch Strait (Ukraine v. the Russian Federation).
In the Kerch-Yenikalsky Strait was dug through the Strait of Kerch to develop merchant navigation. The big local enterprises include an integrated iron and steel plant, and the Zaliv Shipyard. Along the shores of Kerch Strait the coldest months are January and February. Most part of the year NE winds prevail, known for their high speed and long duration.
In summer southern winds are common. Wind speeds up to 21—24 mps are rare. Calms are rare. Fogs occur most often from November till March. Atmospheric precipitation occur most often from November till March—April. Thunderstorms are most probable from May till October—Novem-ber; during this period thunderstorms can be observed on an average 3—5 days per month.
Kerch port is situated on the coast of the Kerch Bay. The port is open to ships all year round; when there is ice in Kerch Strait, motion of thick ice in the channels is possible because of constant turn of the current and wind. It is defined more precisely 4 hours before entering the Kerch-Yenikalsky Strait. Clearing the ship departure and arrival is performed on board the ship.
Current Local Time in Kerch, Ukraine
In spite of the conflicting accounts of what led to this clash, the decisive and illegal use of military force by Russia marked another escalation in an already volatile context. Russia may have been trying to provoke Ukraine into responding. Moscow has already used such tactics to trigger the Russia-Georgia war.
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File:House in steppe – Kerch, Russia –
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The Kerch Explosion and Dynamic Data
It later constructed the Crimean Bridge across the strait. Under a treaty , the strait and the Azov Sea are intended to be the shared territorial waters of both countries, and freely accessible. As the flotilla, which consisted of two gunboats and a tugboat, approached the Kerch Strait, the Russian coast guard said they repeatedly asked the Ukrainian vessels to leave what they referred to as “Russian territorial waters”.
They said that the vessels had not followed the formal procedure for passage through the strait, that the Ukrainian ships had been manoeuvring dangerously, and that they were not responding to radio communications. As they neared the bridge, the Russians authorities placed a large cargo ship under it, blocking their passage into the Azov Sea.
Analysis of the multiannual () and seasonal dynamics of suspended matter in the Kerch Strait (Crimea, Russia, Black Sea) is presented.